Eden Town Hall
Attn: Assessors' Office
2795 East Church Street
Eden, New York 14057
(716) 992-4131 (Fax)
Board of Assessors Chairperson
Hours of Operation:
Thursdays, & Fridays
9:00am - 1:00pm
9:00am - Noon
STAR Exemption / STAR Check Exemption
- Basic STAR Exemption: Homeowners less than 65 years of age and meet income requirements.
- Enhanced STAR Exemption: One homeowner is at least 65 years of age during that year and meet income requirements.
- Senior Citizens Exemption: One homeowner is at least 65 years of age during that year and meet income requirements.
Please visit the New York State Tax Services for more information.
Please visit the New York State Tax Services for more information.
In 1984, the Legislature amended the Real Property Tax Law (RPTL) and enacted a new alternative veterans exemption, 458-a (L.1984, c.525). Unlike the longstanding veterans exemption provided by RPTL 458 (the so-called “eligible funds” exemption), the alternative veterans exemption is not contingent upon the purchase of real property with specified government monies. Instead, the alternative veterans exemption is based on a percentage of assessed value subject to maximum levels of exemption. The alternative exemption is limited to the primary residence of a veteran and is available to property owned by honorably discharged veterans (or certain of their family members) who served during specified periods of war or under certain other conditions.
Like the eligible funds exemption, the alternative veterans exemption is applicable to county, city, town and village taxes but not to school taxes or special district levies. In general, a qualifying wartime veteran’s property receives an exemption of 15% of its assessed value. An additional 10% exemption is available where the veteran can document service in a combat theatre or zone.
There is also a third exemption for veterans who received a service-connected disability compensation rating from the Veterans Administration or the Department of Defense. The percentage for this exemption is equal to one-half of the veteran’s disability rating. (Where a veteran died in the service of a service-connected disability, the veteran is considered to have been assigned a disability rating of 100%.)
Eligibility for Exemption
The alternative veterans exemption is available to qualifying residential real property owned by honorably discharged veterans (or certain family members) who served during defined periods of war or under certain other conditions. The following sections discuss the criteria for eligibility for exemption. Reference is made, where appropriate, to the application form for the exemption (RP-458-a).
Period of War
The basic 15% alternative veterans exemption is granted to property owned by veterans (or, as discussed below, certain family members) based on the veteran’s active duty during one of the following periods of war:
Cold War: 9/2/1945 – 12/26/91 –
Persian Gulf Conflict: 8/2/90 – *
Vietnam War: 12/22/61 – 5/7/75 *
Korean War: 6/27/50 – 1/31/55 *
World War II: 12/7/41 – 12/31/46 **
World War I: 4/06/17 – 11/11/18 **
In the case of a veteran who served with the United States military forces in Russia, the ending period is 4/1/20.
Mexican Border period: 5/19/16 – 4/5/17 **
Spanish-American War: 4/21/1898 – 7/4/02 **
The Spanish-American War period also includes the Philippine Insurrection and Boxer Rebellion; in the case of a veteran who served in the United States military forces engaged in hostilities in the Moro Province, the ending date is July 15, 1903.
To be eligible for exemption, the property must be owned by the veteran, the spouse of the veteran, the un-remarried surviving spouse of the veteran, or, if allowed by local option, a Gold Star Parent (defined as the parent of a child who died in the line of duty while serving in the United States Armed Forces during a period of war). (The fact that title to the property is in a veteran’s spouse’s name will not render a property ineligible to receive the exemption.) The ownership requirement is also satisfied if the veteran, the veteran’s spouse, the veteran’s un-remarried surviving spouse or the Gold Star Parent is the legal life tenant of the property. For purposes of this veterans’ exemption, if the title to real property is held by a trustee or trustees, the property is eligible for a property tax exemption if the trustees or trust beneficiaries are otherwise qualified. If both the husband and wife are deceased, the exemption can be granted or continued for the veteran’s dependent father, mother, or child(ren) under 21 years of age who have legally received the property and who use it as their primary residence. The property must also have been the primary residence of a qualified owner prior to his or her death. If the owner is a veteran and is also the un remarried surviving spouse of a veteran, the veteran may also receive any exemption to which the deceased spouse was entitled.
Proof of ownership must be submitted with the application. Generally, the deed to the property for which exemption is sought will be the best proof of ownership. However, 3 Op.Counsel SBEA No. 52, which applies to the senior citizens exemption, concludes that a person in possession of property and holding an executory contract of sale to the parcel has “ownership” of the parcel and is entitled to receive that exemption. Similarly, a veteran holding this type of executory contract of sale will also qualify as an “owner” for purposes of the alternative veterans exemption. A mortgage can also be used as proof of ownership. Make sure that the mortgage is for the property for which the exemption is being sought and that the owner(s) name(s) on the application form correspond to the mortgagor’s name.
If the cooperative apartment provisions of RPTL 458-a(6) are allowed by local option, the apartment must be held in a cooperative form of ownership by a veteran who is a tenant/stockholder and resident of the apartment and satisfies all other conditions of the exemption. However, this exemption may not be granted to apartments subject to the provisions of Private Housing Finance Law Articles 2, 4, 5, or 11.
Residential and Occupancy Requirements
To be eligible for exemption, the property must be the primary residence of the veteran the un remarried surviving spouse of the veteran, or, if allowed by local option, a Gold Star Parent unless that person is absent from the property due to medical reasons or institutionalization.
In discussing what is a “legal residence” for purposes of the senior citizens exemption, we stated, “which dwelling is his legal residence depends upon such facts as where he votes, the length of time spent in each place, the nature and amount of personal property in each place, and other conduct and behavior evidencing which he considers to be his permanent home”(2 Op. Counsel SBEA No. 57). We believe that similar criteria should be applied in determining “primary residence” for purposes of 458-a. It is clear, however, that unlike the eligible funds veterans exemption (RPTL 458(1)), the alternative veterans exemption can only be granted to the primary residence of the veteran, and, if the veteran does not reside on the property, no exemption may be granted unless his absence is due to hospitalization or institutionalization. It is also clear that the “primary residence” issue needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis.
A veteran who is also requesting the additional 10 percent exemption for service in a combat zone or combat theatre must submit proof of the award of a United States campaign medal or ribbon documenting such service.
The New York State Division of Veterans’ Affairs has provided the following list of awards which, when included on separation of service forms, document service in a “combat theatre or combat zone.” These medals were awarded to all qualifying veterans in all branches of the Armed Forces and are on the separation papers of such veterans. The qualifying awards are: World War I World War I Victory Ribbon with battle clasp World War II European-African-Middle Eastern Ribbon, Combat Infantry Badge, Combat Medical Badge, Combat Action Ribbon, or Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Ribbon, or American Campaign Medal when awarded under certain conditions.*
Korean Korean Service Ribbon, Combat Infantry Badge, Combat Medical Badge, or Combat Action Ribbon Vietnam Vietnam Service Ribbon, Combat Infantry Badge, Combat Medical Badge, or Combat Action Ribbon Persian Gulf Southwest Asia Service Medal, Combat Infantry Badge, Combat Medical Badge, or Combat Action Ribbon
Not all recipients of the World War II American Campaign Medal are eligible for the additional exemption for service in a combat zone or theatre. For a veteran to qualify for additional exemption based upon the receipt of the American Campaign Medal, the medal must have been awarded under one of the following conditions:
- On permanent assignment outside the continental limits.
- Permanently assigned as a member of a crew of a vessel sailing ocean waters for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days.
- Outside the continental limits in a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 nonconsecutive days.
- Awarded combat decoration or certificate when recipient actually participated in active combat against the enemy.
A veteran, therefore, who received the American Campaign Medal solely for service within the continental limits of the United States for an aggregate period of one year will not qualify for the additional exemption. Accordingly, to determine if a particular recipient of the American Campaign Medal qualifies for the additional exemption, it is necessary to examine the veteran’s DD214 or other separation form to determine the basis for the award.
*The State Division of Veterans’ Affairs expanded the list of qualifying World War II medals to include the American Campaign Medal after the original version of the Assessor’s Guide to the Alternative Veterans was published. Assessors may wish to reconsider previously filed applications to determine if a recipient of the American Campaign Medal is now eligible to receive the additional exemption for service in a combat zone or theatre.